The area of Vilnius Verkiai Calvary occupies about 140 ha: in the southern part it starts at Žirmūnai, in the eastern part it borders with the Neris River, in the western part - along Kalvarijų Street, in the northern part it reaches the Jerusalem district. It is a 7-kilometer-long Way of the Cross, with houses chapels and gates restored during Independence. According to the area of the ensemble, Verkiai Calvary is one of the largest road complexes of the Cross. There are only a few in Europe : two in Poland and one in Italy. This area is declared a Calvary Memorial Reserve. The Way of the Cross recreates the whole history of Christ's Catch and the Way of Suffering, it seeks to reproduce as accurately as possible the topography of Jerusalem in the time of Jesus, the orientation towards the countries of the world. This road is located in a beautiful natural landscape - on the steep slopes and deep valley, forested in the Neris Valley and the slopes of the Cedron Valley.
The path of the cross road
The total length of this road, the distances between the stations in steps and even in feet, correspond to the realities of the Holy Land. There are 20 concrete chapels, a bridge over the Kedron stream, 1 concrete and 7 wooden gates, three stations of St. Church of the Discovery of the Cross. The main dominant of the ensemble is St. Church of the Discovery of the Cross is a symbolic mountain of Calvary.
Wooden buildings dominate along the way
The origins of history around the Vilnius Verkiai Calvary date back to the fourteenth century, when the Grand Duke Jogaila established the Vilnius diocese and donated the lands of Verkiai to the bishops. At that time, the Bishops' Palace was established in Verkiai, and a little closer to the city - on the initiative of bishops in the 17th century Calvary was founded. These two cultural heritage sites, located in the southern part of the Verkiai Regional Park, are today like two large bastions of the Catholic faith, formed as separate architectural complexes. Today, after tragic times, Verkiai Calvary is resurrected for its further mission. There are big celebrations here every year, worshipers gather. Tourists and vacationers also love this place - they enjoy the beautiful hilly landscape, the hundred-year-old pine forest, the Cedron stream flowing through this area and the nearby spring.
You will not get lost on the Vilnius Calvary Cross Road - it is equipped with signs, arrows, poles indicating the distance, information stands and other infrastructure for vocation.